The Mull of Galloway, Dumfries & Galloway
An astonishingly beautiful landscape at all times of year, this is Scotland’s southernmost point. The Mull of Galloway is a Site of Special Scientific Interest for its sea bird colonies and geology, and is an RSPB-managed reserve.
The Mull of Galloway became part of the Galloway and Southern Ayrshire’s UNESCO designation in 2023, when the request to extend the Biosphere’s geographical boundary was approved following our 10-year Periodic Review. The proposal to ‘bring in the Rhins’ had overwhelming public support and including the Mull of Galloway and the marine environment within the UNESCO Biosphere region has opened up many and varied conservation opportunities.
On a clear day the Mull of Galloway offers views to the Isle of Man, Ireland and the Lake District, and on stormy or overcast days the landscape can feel eerie and beautiful. Listen out for calls of the kittiwakes (pictured right, in flight), peregrines and guillemots, and have your binoculars ready to spot diving gannets and nesting puffins. The coastal grassland and heath don’t just support sea birds, they also provide habitat for wonderful wildflowers such as spring squill (pictured right), sea thrift and sea spleenwort which are best seen in spring and early summer.
The site is exposed and can often be windy, but with the potential to see razorbills, guillemots and gannets, it is worth a cold stroll. In the summer you may be lucky enough to observe activity in the water and on cliff edges – porpoises, grey seals and dolphins are often seen just off the coast. Our first photo here shows a beautiful redshank – note the rich colour of its legs, which gives this wading bird its name.
We took a trip to the Mull of Galloway on a cloudless spring day and had chat with the reserve manager about the wildlife and nature all around. Take a look at our short video for a preview of this outstanding site.